Honey bees are among the most helpful creature on earth; in addition to the fact that they provide us with nectar and different results that we can expend as sustenance, yet honey bees and different bees assume a significant job in the fertilization of vegetation. These bees are of various species which are categorized as queen, drone, and worker.
An estimation report exclaims that about thirty percent of food is fertilized by honey bees. Here, we are going to examine better-known apis varieties, deeper knowledge of information gathered nearly seven hundred hives. A newly introduced beekeeping app is used to monitor overall activities of these species.
While discussing the beekeeping industry, it has occupied an enormous market margin. When compared to modern beekeeping, the traditional one has more cons like beehives dump, bee fleeing, etc. At the same time, it also requires manual power for efficient execution. It does not meet the current requirements too. But the modern beekeeping overcomes the drawbacks and the challenges too. The well-defined IoT integrated beehive monitoring equipment helps in modern beekeeping. At the same time, bee health, temperature, weight, humidity variations, etc. are recorded in real-time. The beehive tracking system helps the apiarists to do apiculture which includes all kinds of bees (uncharted bee and stingless bee).
Types of Bees
The western honey bee, scientifically referred to as apis mellifera plays a major role in the global tapestry of bee species. There are more than twenty thousand types of bee stretching each & every continent bar Antarctica. Their ancestors have survived for about eighty million years.
Here, there are about 44 sub-varieties which are united by several traits of hone production, wax comb production, etc. Both unique behaviors & its characteristics are noted by keen apiarists.
The Western Honey Bee
This is the most distributed one & domesticated bee species globally. Its major characteristics are the yellow abdomen, larger colony sizes for an enclosed communal hive style living space. The domestication process has a great impact on concerned apis Mellifera genetics.
Apis Mellifera Mellifera
It is a smallish, stocky which ranges in color from a greater variety of jet black to dark brown. These bees are well adjusted to cold & damp and major native portions are the UK, Scandinavia including Germany. Here, the resulting bees have shown greater significant aggression.
Apis Mellifera Liguistica
This is the most common sub-variety of Apis Mellifera, one of the domesticated bees globally. They seem to be successfully held out in Italian regions; as a result, it is adapted to a warmer climate. The true fact is that Italian bees have cross-bred globally along with other varieties due to the industrious production of honey & wax.
Apis Mellifera Carnica
This one was originated in Eastern Europe, Bulgaria, Bosnia & Serbia. Its medium of size is miniature when compared to that of European species. The entire appearance is grey in color due to a larger amount of hair on its body. They are incredibly efficient to work with, making them perfect for typical backyard apiarists concerned with their aggressive behavior.
Apis Mellifera Caucasica
These bees are larger in variety whose mountain range divides South-Eastern Europe from Asia. Their appearance is grey color hairy indulged with the mild temperament of a carneolan bee. Typically, they used to construct the colony slowly & fair poorer in damper climates of Northern part of Europe.
Apis Mellifera Iberiensis
This is an unusual part of Western Honey Bee and found throughout the Iberian Peninsula. Their genetics remain totally an incredible pure due to drones of this major variety are incredibly picky. An interesting fact is its stubborn defense technique feature.
Other Honey Bees
They are the well known Asiatic honey bees which are found across South East Asia, Indonesia and the Philippines. Due to the less populous colony factor, they do not produce that much of honey compared to that of European counterparts. An enormous amount of apis Mellifera has been imported apiarists have better value for a honey business.
They are found in South & South East Asia is considered a larger one when compared to other honey bee varieties. Their colonies are explored under hanging trees, rocky cliffs which cannot be domesticated in hives similar to other varieties. The honey of this group is harvested by climbing higher altitudes where they can build colonies & cutting off combs in a direct manner.