Generally, organic farming is a type of agrarian technique wherein farm networks depends on harvest rotation, green manure, compost fertilizer, organic strategies for pest control and development of rich soil to make it increasingly gainful in this manner yielding better to produce. It likewise carefully constrains the utilization of manufactured manures & pesticides, chemical-based plant producer, feed additives and Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO).
At the same time, this one also involves a list of techniques to achieve better crop yields without any harm created for the environment. In order to maintain the fertility of the soil, crop rotation is done at the right time. The usage of water resources should be done carefully & good animal husbandry also should be maintained. A statistical report exclaims that organic farming methods show more productivity yields when compared to conventional methods. The enhanced soil health in terms of organic matter has resulted in a lower level of disease incidence.
A well-defined modern approach to farming
Organic farming does not mean it is referring to traditional methods. Most of the methods which are used in the past are still effective today. This gigantic farming combines with modern scientific knowledge too. Here, farmers use updated techniques & materials to work parallel with nature. In this typical way, a healthy intermediary balance is created between nature & farming.
Here, each & every technique will not be used on its own. Typically, a farmer will use a series of organic methods to allow them to associate together for a maximum reach. The usage of green manures & prudent cultivation provides for better control of weeds as if techniques were consumed on own.
Major advantages of organic farming
Organic farming helps to maintain overall environment health by diminishing level of pollution. Loop of physical properties such as aeration, root penetration, etc are also optimized. To add it to nutshell agricultural production is also preserved at a sustainable level. The greatest advantage key factor is the reduction of nutrient loss into several water bodies & also promotes beneficial chemical reactions.
Role of Nutrient management in organic farming
In this type of farming, it is most important to work for a healthy soil which is extremely high in terms of organic matter & consists of nutrients that plants feed. There are several methods available where processing takes place through green manuring, addition of manures including bio-fertilizers used to enhance soil fertility.
These sources automatically add different nutrients, prevention of weeds & enhance soil organic matter to feed the micro-organisms which are present in the soil. Natural minerals are most needed one by plants to grow & increase soil’s consistency. The amendments such as lime are added to maintain hydronium ions balance. First pre-condition is that water should contain a minimum number of heavy metals.
In most cases, organic materials are used for the recycling process. Compost is also made from animal manures & mushroom compost. Before applying to fields, it is heated & aged for about three months along with an internal temperature of 140 degrees Fahrenheit to kill unwanted germs. Both organic fertilizers and fungal bio fertilizers are used depending on availability & sustainability to crop.