Generally, honey bees play an integral role all over the world. It is explored in the major portions of Africa & Asia. Similar to the plethora of the farmers managing the cattle & ship, the bees are managed by the apiarists. The honey bee population vacillates from one year to another due to the intended factors that can greatly influence a typical colony’s health.
In case if the colony population in a particular location is lower compared to the previous year, it does not mean that is population is abolished. In the precise project of Gobuzzr, the outstanding technology of IoT over the Agri-tech is cast-off, where it is integrated with almost every electronic device like smart phones. To acknowledge the overall population dynamics, it is important to consider for the social, economic factors as they are involved in a complete flow more than an individual’s expectations. The fewer apiarists mean that the colonies are less in number.
A complete life cycle
Generally, the life cycle of a honey bee is an eternal one and it comprises three major life stages such as larval, pupal & adult stage. Initially, the queen bee lays both the fertilized and unfertilized eggs.
The worker bees are nothing but the female bees that are produced from a fertilized egg. Once the hatching process is completed, an average of about six days is spent in the larval stage. Initially, a compound is known to be the worker jelly produced by the worker bees, which is a mixture of the fluids.
The pupal stage includes the different parts such as the wings, legs, internal organs & the muscles. Once about the twenty days completed, the callow bee will emerge. The soft skin will be transferred to the hardened one but it takes some time. The total time duration of the worker bees is about thirty-eight days. If there are any anatomy changes subjected to the hypopharyngeal glands and gradual supply of the fat bodies enable them to live about one year.
The major difference between queen bees & worker bees is the only diet process. The special cells are known to be the queen cups that are built by the worker bees in which eggs are laid by the existing queen. Here, the royal diet contains three unique stages where in the first one the concern glands produce the white fluid.
Finally, honey is increased to the larvae die to the queen bee. The entire enhancement of the honey provides the sugar content, increased levels of a typical hormone. The first hatched queen is a virgin one. It is important to eradicate the presence of the other queens. There will be the killing of the existing one or the additional one.
As everyone knows, the drone bees process of about only fifteen percent of the overall colony population. As they are huge in the size, they are differentiable from the queen bee. The drones are the only farm of the males which are mated by the queen. Here, it includes a typical quantity of pollen & honey. Once the feeding days are completed, the drone cells are distinguishable by their enhanced size and dome tipped structure. The newly emerges involves a dried combination of the pollen, honey & brood food.
As they are matured enough they can feed themselves. The drones are popularly known to be the penises, their main purpose is to mate with the virgin queens. Their life span is about eight weeks although it succeeds inmate with the queen. In case if there is any nectar shortage, it may lead to the cleaning of the drone broods, expels the drones from the colony too. Either of the mated queens or the unmated ones lays the unfertilized eggs.
A comprehensive Honey Bee Graphical data
In most of the places, we have crossed exclusive information that an apiarist has lost about forty percent of the colonies. It may be true, but it does not mean that the honey bees are completely dying out. It directly indicates that the honey bees are facing intensive difficulties & problems during the winter season.
The season is a severe one leading to the heavy losses for the apiarists if the bee colony is not managed properly & weakened due to the spread of dangerous diseases or through the insufficient food supply. The weather condition can also be responsible for it too. The longer duration of the hot or cold temperature can be detrimental for the hives which are kept under stress & over-pressurized.
The honey bee colonies globally have been enhanced by about nearly seventy percent from the year 1960 to the present. It has been said that across the European Union, the count has been stable too. It has been reported that the honey bee colonies in the U.S parts enhanced by about seventeen percent between 2006 and 2020. The intended dangerous threats such as the Varroa mite infestation have resulted in a typical loss of the entire colonies.
Broadly, the apiarists have said in before-hand that there will be huge losses of colonies each & every year. It has been exclaimed that the current norm is about fifteen percent in the European counties and in the U.S it is about nearly twenty-one percent. To add it to a nutshell, the apiarists can enhance the hive numbers followed by splitting the colonies into two major groups, especially in the springtime.
Throughout the summer season, the total number of bees in each colony enhances to process a stronger & healthier colony. A typical fact is that the queen lays of about two thousand eggs per day in this concerned season and the average life span is about six weeks. This directly means that in an entire colony of about fifty thousand bees, a few may die & around thousand bees) may die due to some natural reasons but some of the two thousand worker bees may come out each day.
In most of the surveys, the tracking of losses takes place but it does not report the major gain in colony count that taking place over the spring & summer season. In case of a situation, if an apiarist experiences a greater loss of forty-percent of the colonies that is not a better one. On the other side of the flip, an apiarist can replace everything of the upcoming year, at an intended financial cost. Hence, involving the colony losses is not an indicator of a crowned honey bee health.
As everyone knows that the apiarists are involved in a vital role as they influence the typical health by offering major things to live such as food, shelter & an enclosed safer environment. Without the help of an apiarist, the colonies cannot survive easily in European countries. In a situation, if it is not attended, there are more chances for the colony’s suppression within two to three years. It is maybe due to the typical impact of the Varroa mite invasion.
Typical Key Threats
As discussed in the above points, the Varroa mite is a dangerous threat to the colonies. These parasites are initially originated in Asia which are spread globally, causing a severe headache for the apiarist. They commonly suck on the bees’ hymolymph transmitting deadly diseases causing a collapse of the colonies, if it is not treated at the right time. There is no natural predator, hence Western bees are found in the parts of the North America & European countries, developing effective protection against them. Similar to that of humans, honey bees are vulnerable to diseases. An exclusive type of virus, known to be the deformed winged one, it is spread mainly by the Varroa form.
The other ones are caused by bacteria or fungus types. Recently, the spore-producing bacteria have spread the rare form of the infectious disease known to be the American foulbrood disease. Through the form of the ingested food, the honey bee larvae are affected through the spores.
The researchers are on the grater experimentation for curing these diseases. A universal fact is that human beings cannot survive with only one type of food material, even though they contain different vitamins & minerals. Similarly, the bees cannot flourish without nutritious habits. Additionally, the wildflowers are also vital for providing the pollinators with a diverse nectar option.
No proper usage of the pesticides
As the pesticides are the essential tools that the folks used to manage the health of the crops. The experts are conducting several kinds of research to ensure that products are safer to use for the folks, wildlife & bees when they are projected directly. Assuring the safety before the sales it is also essential, as acknowledging of using the products indirectly can harm the bees too.
From the above-discussed points, it is clear that none of the honey bees are intended towards extinction the count is increasing day by day. But still, they are facing more challenges globally. Hence, it is said to be the processing of research about the honey bees is an important one, so one can be sure for the protection of bees too. As of now most of the experts are focusing on the exploration of the substantial solutions to a list of challenges. It is not necessary to possess a degree to help the enormous support pollinators. Let us initiate a forwarding step right now!!